Mwanza is the second biggest city in Tanzania. It is located at the largest lake of Africa, Lake Victoria. The main business sector of Mwanza are the gold mines, the fish industry and trading with the neighboring countries (Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi). Mwanza is a fast-growing city, which brings positive as well as negative effects to the people living here. The sector of tourism will definitely grow within the next few years, which means more jobs will be available here. On the other hand, problems of poverty, street children and infrastructure will become more severe. Which is why, sustainable support for projects concerning these issues is more important than ever.
There are around 130 different tribes with many traditions in Tanzania. The tribes play an important role in identification, but differences are not a trigger for disputes. Another important issue regarding the feeling of togetherness among Tanzanians is the national language Swahili. In Tanzania, Christianity and Islam are the most common religions (each around 40% of the population), whereby the transition to superstition is fluid. The family plays an important role as the extended family acts as a care system. This system is changing under the influence of Western culture and the urbanization. Thus, caring for the socially disadvantaged is an ever-increasing challenge for the government. There is a hierarchy in all areas of life in Tanzania. This puts the elderly over the younger, the rich over the poor, and men over women. The latter is also the next point we want to address: the gender distribution in Tanzania. The man is seen as a provider and the woman as a housewife, who has less of a say, but this depends on their level of education. Men and women are partly affected by violence, with women mainly being the victims of violence. In marriage, the married couple lives a strict separation of areas of responsibility and rooms. As with the pension system, the division of roles between men and women is changing due to the influence of Western culture. Corruption, waves of price increases and poor infrastructure are just three of the many reasons for poverty in the country. This cannot be adequately combated either by the annual economic growth of 7% nor by financial aid from abroad. The country's upper class is made up largely of foreign traders, executives, civil servants, and people who earn their living by non-arithmetic work. They like to show their wealth through different status symbols such as cars, smartphones, or many employees.